Re: [spdx-defects] [spdx] VEX integration in SPDX #spdx

Dick Brooks



NIST also recommends that vendors and consumers “Maintain vendor vulnerability disclosure reports at the SBOM component level.” See 5/5 guidance:


SPDX V 2.3 supports both VEX and Vulnerability Disclosure Reports (VDR), in support of the NIST recommendations for Executive Order 14028.


Here’s an example SPDX V 2.3 reference to a VDR:


ExternalRef SECURITY advisory


Here’s an example SPDX V 2.3 reference to a VEX:


ExternalRef SECURITY advisory


Here’s an explanation of the difference between VEX and VDR:


In summary a VEX is an artifact showing the status of vulnerabilities within a product. Components with no vulnerabilities are not listed in a VEX, unless there is a "known not affected" product status contained in the VEX.


In summary, a VDR is an attestation by a software vendor that they have checked each component in a software product SBOM for vulnerabilities and reports on the vulnerability status of each component, for a software product.





Dick Brooks


Active Member of the CISA Critical Manufacturing Sector,

Sector Coordinating Council – A Public-Private Partnership


Never trust software, always verify and report!

Email: dick@...

Tel: +1 978-696-1788


From: spdx-defects@... <spdx-defects@...> On Behalf Of Jeff Schutt (jefschut) via
Sent: Thursday, June 2, 2022 1:40 PM
To: spdx@...; sandeep.patil@...; spdx-defects@...
Subject: Re: [spdx-defects] [spdx] VEX integration in SPDX #spdx


Hi Sandeep,


To add to Rose’s comments…


For version 2.3, the new Advisory identifier (F.2.3) is a catch-all that will enable linking to any VEX information, e.g., as contained within OSV or CSAF file.


We’re currently working on further security vulnerability information integrations with version 3.0 of the SPDX spec and would welcome your contributions :) Meetings are Wednesdays at 11am PT.





From: <spdx@...> on behalf of "Rose Judge via" <>
Reply-To: "spdx@..." <spdx@...>
Date: Thursday, June 2, 2022 at 10:30 AM
To: "spdx@..." <spdx@...>, "sandeep.patil@..." <sandeep.patil@...>, "spdx-defects@..." <spdx-defects@...>
Subject: Re: [spdx-defects] [spdx] VEX integration in SPDX #spdx


Hi Sandeep,


The SPDX Defects working group announced security enhancements to the ExternalReference section of the spec as well as an explanatory Annex about how to include security information in an SPDX document. These changes apply to spec version 2.3 which should be released by the end of the month.


In order to include security/vulnerability information in 2.3, you will want to use the SECURITY ExternalReference Type. When using this format, there’s several security identifiers available: cpe22type, cpe23type, advisory, fix, url or swid that you can use to reference a VEX document. You can see examples of how this might be done in the link to Annex G above.


I’m also adding the SPDX Defects workgroup to the CC in case you have any further questions.







[EXT] [spdx] VEX integration in SPDX #spdx


Tue, 31 May 2022 22:49:51 -0700


Patil, Sandeep via <>





Hi , 
Is there any roadmap to integrate VEX to  with SPDX ? Or is there already way in current SPDX specification to integrate vulnerability information ? 



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